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Commonly used terms in international trade


出口信贷 export credit 优惠关税 special preferences
出口津贴 export subsidy 保税仓库 bonded warehouse
商品倾销 dumping 贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade
外汇倾销 exchange dumping 贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade
进口配额制 import quotas 对外贸易值 &#118alue of foreign trade
自由贸易区 free trade zone 国际贸易值 &#118alue of international trade
普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP 最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT
" 关于价格条件的一些常用词汇 

价格术语 trade term (price term) 运费 freight
单价 price 码头费 wharfage
总值 total &#118alue 卸货费 landing charges
金额 amount 关税 customs duty
净价 net price 印花税 stamp duty
含佣价 price including commission 港口税 portdues
回佣 return commission 装运港 portof shipment
折扣 discount,allowance 卸货港 port of discharge
批发价 wholesale price 目的港 portof destination
零售价 retail price 进口许口证 inportlicence
现货价格 spot price 出口许口证 exportlicence
期货价格 forward price 
国际市场价格 world (International)Marketprice
离岸价(船上交货价) FOB-free on board
现行价格(时价) current price prevailingprice
成本加运费价 ( 离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight
到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价) CIF-cost,insurance and freight


交货 delivery 轮船 steamship(缩写S.S)
装运、装船 shipment 租船 charter (the chartered shep)
交货时间 time of delivery 定程租船 voyage charter;
装运期限 time of shipment 定期租船 time charter
班轮 regular shipping liner 托运人(一般指出口商) shipper,consignor
收货人 consignee 驳船 lighter
舱位 shipping space 油轮 tanker
报关 clearance of goods   陆运收据 cargo receipt
提货 to take delivery of goods   空运提单 airway bill
选港费 optional charges 正本提单 original B\L
选择港(任意港) optional port 
选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers' account
一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment
一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.
一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment
在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots
在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots
分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments
分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments
立即装运 immediate shipments
即期装运 prompt shipments
收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C
允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed partial shipment not permitted partial shipment not unacceptable
" 于交易磋商和合同签订的一些常用词汇
订单 indent 订货;订购 book; booking
电复 cable reply   实盘 firm offer
递盘 bid; bidding 递实盘 bid firm
还盘 counteroffer 发盘(发价) offer
发实盘 offer firm 速复 reply immediately
询盘(询价) inquiry;enquiry 参考价 reference price
习惯做法 usual practice 限**复 subject to reply **
有效期限 time of validity 有效至** valid till **
交易磋商 business negotiation 不受约束 without engagement
业务洽谈 business discussion 指示性价格 price indication
限* *复到 subject to reply reaching here ** 购货合同 purchase contract
购货确认书 purchase confirmation 销售合同 sales contract
销售确认书 sales confirmation 一般交易条件 general terms and conditions
以未售出为准 subject to prior sale 需经卖方确认 subject to seller's confirmation
需经我方最后确认 subject to our final confirmation 
" 关于贸易方式的一些常用词汇

拍卖 auction 寄售 consignment
招标 invitation of tender 投标 submission of tender
一般代理人 agent 总代理人 general agent
代理协议 agency agreement 累计佣金 accumulative commission
补偿贸易 compensation trade (或抵偿贸易) compensating/compensatory trade 
(又叫:往返贸易) counter trade 
来料加工 processing on giving materials
来料装配 assembling on provided parts
独家经营/专营权 exclusive right
独家经营/包销/代理协议 exclusivity agreement
独家代理 sole agency; sole agent; exclusive agency; exclusive agent
" 关于品质条件的一此常用词汇
品质 quality 原样 original sample
规格 specifications 复样 duplicate sample
说明 description 对等样品 countersample
标准 standard type 参考样品 reference sample
商品目录 catalogue 封样 sealed sample
宣传小册 pamphlet 公差 tolerance
货号 article No. 花色(搭配) assortment
样品 sample 5% 增减 5% plus or minus 
代表性样品 representative sample 大路货(良好平均品质) fair average quality
" 关于商检、索赔、不可抗力的一些常用词汇

索赔 claim 
罚金条款 penalty
争议 disputes
仲裁 arbitration
不可抗力 force Majeure 
仲裁庭 arbitral tribunal
产地证明书 certificate of origin
品质检验证书 inspection certificate of quanlity
重量检验证书 inspection certificate of weight (quantity)
*商品检验局 ** *commodity inspection bureau (*.C.I.B)
品质、重量检验证书 inspection certificate
" 关于数量条件的一些常用词汇

个数 number 净重 net weight
体积 volume 毛作净 gross for net
容积 capacity 皮重 tare
毛重 gross weight 溢短装条款 more or less clause
" 关于外汇的一些常用词汇

外汇 foreign exchange 法定贬值 devaluation
外币 foreign currency 法定升值 revaluation
汇率 rate of exchange 浮动汇率 floating rate
国际收支 balance of payments 硬通货 hard currency
直接标价 direct quotation 软通货 soft currency
间接标价 indirect quotation 金平价 gold standard
买入汇率 buying rate 通货膨胀 inflation
卖出汇率 selling rate 固定汇率 fixed rate
金本位制度 gold standard 黄金输送点 gold point
铸币平价 mint par 纸币制度 paper money system
国际货币基金 international monetary fund 黄金外汇储备 gold and foreign exchange reserve
汇率波动的官定上下限 official upper and lower limits of fluctuation